Terrorism in India consistent with Global Terrorism Index 2017, the amount of deaths thanks to terrorism in India between 2000 and 2016 is 8238.Terrorism in India has grown to an excellent extent within the last 20 years. The bomb blast and attacks in many cities like Jaipur, Mumbai, Allahabad, Bangalore, etc. These attacks are outraged every patriotic Indians. The sole we will combat it’s to attenuate, if not eliminate such occur.

Fatal Effects of Terrorism:

Economic: It damages nation’s economic process, ability to draw in foreign investment, tourism etc.

Political: It creates socio-political instability, may breeds communal disharmony, breaks social fabric and should become an explanation for clash of civilizations and cultures.

Displacement and Migration: Terror activities are largely liable for the continual migration of individuals from Syria, Iraq and Africa.


Strategic and Organizational

  1. Coastal Security: India has 3-tiered coastal security structure made up of Indian navy, Indian coastal guards, Marine police working under the integrated and comprehensive coastal security scheme.
  • Joint Operation Centers for monitoring the marine activities within the near seas is additionally launched.
  • National Investigation Agency: NIA was found out as a specialized agency to affect terrorist offenses since January 2009.
  • National Intelligence Grid (NATGRID): It been constituted to make an appropriate database of security related information.
  • Central Monitoring System: Real-time, actionable intelligence is processed through government’s Central Monitoring System (CMS) and therefore the Lawful Interception System (LIS).
  • Operation Sadbhavana: Army has undertaken an out sized number of Military Civic Action program aimed toward ‘Winning the Hearts and Minds’ of the people in J&K and North Eastern States, as a part of a technique for conflict resolution.
  • National Intelligence Grid (NATGRID): It has been constituted to form an appropriate database of security related information

India’s Counter Terrorism Strategy:

There are three main pillars on which the Indian counter terrorism strategy rest:

  • Recognizing that terrorism may be a political issue demanding political solution.
  • Till consensus isn’t achieved, military unit remains an instrument to bring stability.
  • Distinction between local violent uprisings as a results of dissatisfaction among-est a neighborhood of population and therefore the employment of terrorism as a state policy by a rustic like Pakistan.
  • Using Minimum force while conducting CT: This is often the rationale for not using the heavy artillery and attack helicopters Laws related to terrorism in India Terrorism has immensely affected India. 


Terrorism has immensely affected in India. In the case of Kartar Singh vs. State of Punjab[2] , the court held that the country has been within the firm grip of terrorist violence and it caught between deadly pangs of disruptive activity. Anti-terrorism laws in India has always been a topic of controversy. One among the argument is that these laws substitutes the way of fundamental right of citizens guaranteed by part III of the Constitution of India. The intention was to enact the statues and convey them effective till things improves. The intention wasn’t to form of these drastic measures a permanent feature of the law of land. But due to continuing terrorist activities, the statues are reintroduced with requisite modifications.


The UAPA was designed to affect associations and activities that questioned the territorial integrity of India. The ambit of the Act was strictly limited to meeting the challenge to the territorial integrity of India. The Act was a self-contained code of provisions for declaring secessionist associations as unlawful, adjudication by a tribunal, control of funds and places of labor of unlawful associations, penalties for his or her members etc.[3] The Act has right along been worked holistically intrinsically and is totally within the purview of the central list within the 7th Schedule of the Constitution.


This act came into consistence in 3 September ,1987. This act has a great impact and strict provision as compared to the UAPA and it has been specially designed to affect terrorist activities in India. The SC of India upheld its constitutional validity on the idea of those entrusted with such draconian statutes power would act in straightness and for the general public good within in the case of Kartar Singh vs. State of Punjab. However, there have been instances of misuse the power for collateral purpose. The rigorous provision contained with the statue came to be abused within the hands of the enforcement officials lapped in 1995.

In case of Sanjay Dutt Vs. State through C.B.I[4], Sanjay Dutt arrested u/s 5 of TADA. But he is not punished while according to section 5 of TADA and section 4 of POTA clearly show that possession of certain unauthorized arms is punishable under TADA and POTA. But Sanjay Dutt is not punished. That give example in loophole in laws.


Other major laws related to anti-terrorist in India, MCOCA came into existence on 24th April 1999. This law was specially made to effect rising a gangland in Maharashtra and particularly in Mumbai thanks to the underworld. For an example, the terrorism is way more stretchable in MCOCA than under in POTA. MCOCA mention gang lands and what’s more includes promotion of insurgency as a terrorism. Under the Maharashtra law an individual is presumed guilty unless he is ready to prove his innocence.


The POTA clearly defines the terrorism and therefore the terrorist in section 3 and grant special power to the investigating authorities under the act. In the case of People’s Union for Civil Liberties vs. Union of India[5] ,the court held the parliament possesses the power under article 248 and entry 97 of list I of the seventh schedule of the Constitution of India to legislate the act. Need of the act may be matter of policy and therefore the court cannot enter the equivalent. The POTA, 2002 is a special law for the prevention of and for dealing with terrorist activities and clearly defines the terrorist act and the terrorist in Section 3, Sub-Section (1) of the Act. The Act provides the legal framework to strengthen the hands of the administration in our fight against the menace of terrorism and can and should be applied against such persons and acts as are covered by the provisions of this law and it is not meant as a substitute for action under ordinary criminal laws


After study all the laws and view, various suspicious and voice are raised by peoples and NGO’s under the pretext of constitution, constitutional provision and equality before law and civil rights of these organization. It must confine mind that the provision is there within the constitution where reasonable restriction is often enforced even upon the freedom of individual and they got to stringent laws to tackle the terrorism. We also got to bear in minds that very much like terrorist keep pace with emerging technology- the present phenomena being termed as fourth generations warfare and positively India also got to fine tune and adopt their anti-terror legislation to fought to the changing of times. The mandate is especially relevant in India on one hand its state identified as an emerging economic process which is harassing it resource to require it to appointed the hierarchy of the nation of opposite hands its dramatic progress. We like not just law to tackle the terrorism but more important what the new generation of the individuals who must be educated an what it means to fight the terror during a democratic found out. Within the misuse of power, we will make to develop a system to prevent it misuse.


[2] 1994] 3 SCC 569


[4]  1994 SCC 410

[5] 2004 9 SCC 580

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